Tolerance.ca
Director / Editor: Victor Teboul, Ph.D.
Looking inside ourselves and out at the world
Independent and neutral with regard to all political and religious orientations, Tolerance.ca® aims to promote awareness of the major democratic principles on which tolerance is based.
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Click to expand Image United Kingdom Prime Minister Boris Johnson (front row, center) poses for a photo with African state leaders and international officials at the UK-Africa Investment Summit in London, January 20, 2020.  © 2020 Ben Stansall/Press Association via AP Images Sub-Saharan Africa offers a test of the United Kingdom government’s ambition to be a force for good in the world. A new report by the UK House of Lords international relations committee on policy towards the continent offers an opportunity to reflect on how that ambition could be realised. The UK has a difficult and… (Full Story)
Click to expand Image Pakistani police escort Mir Shakilur Rehman to court following his arrest in Lahore, Pakistan, March 13, 2020. © 2020 K.M. Chaudhry/AP Photo Pakistani authorities should immediately drop politically motivated charges and release Mir Shakilur Rehman, an editor with Pakistan’s largest media group, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities should also stop harassing Rehman’s family members. Rehman, 63, editor-in-chief of the Jang group, has been in pretrial custody for nearly four months. On March 12, 2020, the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), an anti-corruption… (Full Story)
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science, Member of Tolerance.ca®
Www.wikipedia.org
China is the second largest economy in the World. The country is a socialist republic with a single party system headed by General Secretary Xi Xinping of the Chinese Communist Party (C.C.P.). China became a great power on the global scale in the 1980s. Still, the People`s Republic of China was not greatly involved on the World stage before Deng`s Open Door Policy in the late 1970s. Nowadays, Chinese President Xi Jinping no longer wants that China keeps a low profile on the World stage. The General Secretary is looking for the future of the nation. Xi Jinping pushes for China to become a super power in World. China officially supports multiculturalism, global rules and norms, and environmental protection. Thus, Xi Jinping wants to take advantage of U.S. isolationism to make China the most powerful nation on Earth. Nowadays, China has to work with other nations to resolve a global pandemic while restoring the World economy. Chairman Jinping once said: ¨We say a sword is made on grinding stone and a man is forged in hardship.¨ Thus, Xi believes that great achievements only happen through challenges. COVID 19 is the greatest challenge China has ever faced for decades. China has been proactive in the fight over the novel coronavirus. For instance, China quickly provided the gene sequencing data to the World.  China currently develops several vaccines and drugs to end the current pandemic. If successful, the People`s Republic could become a scientific World leader and it could become very powerful. Moreover, China could rescue the World economy by investing more than half a trillion dollars into the World economy. A successful handling of the World economic and health crisis by China could contribute to Xi Jinping`s dream of a scientific, militarized, economical, and political China.  (Full Story)
Our nine English school boards maintain that their priority is and always has been the health and safety of our students, staff and their families. While no English school board will reopen any of its schools and centres earlier than the dates proposed by the Government of Quebec, the respective English School Boards will decide if and when each of their schools and centres may reopen, once they determine that all the conditions required can be met in each instance. (Full Story)
Palestinian reading Quran at Al Aqsa Mosque. Wikpedia.
By Ephraim Lavie, Khader Sawaed, Maisalon Dallashi, Mora Deitch and Meir Elran

There has been a significant rise in COVID-19 infection rates in Arab communities in Israel.The month of Ramadan, which is commonly celebrated with large public gatherings, demands sharpened awareness and particular preparations regarding information dissemination, enforcement of health regulations, and urgent provision of health services and assistance to the Arab citizens. The positive engagement of the Arab public in the campaign against the pandemic highlights the need for a basic change of approach toward the Arab community, which is entitled to equal access to the social and health services enjoyed by Israel’s Jewish public. (Full Story)
By Itai Brun

What will the world look like one year from now, and how will the corona pandemic affect the Middle East? This article presents four possible scenarios: “continuation,” in which following a temporary interruption of a few months, there is a resumption of familiar global and regional trends from the pre-corona era; “revolution,” in which there is a fundamental change in the patterns that characterized life before the crisis and the world prepares for a new illiberal world order led by China; “breakdown,” in which all global actors emerge wounded from the crisis and the fragile structure of the international system collapses into chaos, expressed inter alia by new waves of upheaval in the Middle East; and “reconstruction,” in which the United States regains its initiative and resumes an international effort to repair the liberal world order and solve burning conflicts.

  (Full Story)
By Shahar Eilam and Michal Hatuel-Radoshitzky

A comparative analysis enables us to examine different approaches to the challenges posed by the corona pandemic around the world. Most countries have adopted a similar coping strategy, based on three components: the first is a lockdown policy (to varying degrees), in an attempt to slow the spread of the virus and avoid overloading the health system; the second is the improvement of preparedness and readiness in health systems; and the third is a broad economic aid package in response to the sudden economic shutdown and the deep financial crisis. (Full Story)
By Pierre Lasry , author and filmmaker
Last night, December 24th at midnight, we sang Christmas Lieders in German. That was in Long Island, New York, in a tree-lined brownstone neighborhood inhabited by Halb Jüden; half Jews or half Germans, I don’t recall exactly how they defined themselves. But being all survivors of Hitler’s personal madness, the Nazis themselves called them half-breeds, Mischlings, with a full measure of contempt. (Full Story)
By Victor Teboul , Ph.D., Editor, Tolerance.ca®

Victor Teboul at UQAM's Symposium, May 2018.

Photo by Gunther Gamper.


Montreal Jews rely on non-Jewish academics, writers and filmmakers to present and even explain, in French, Jewish realities to the Quebecois public and within Francophone academia. The considerable number of publications on Jewish themes, both in fiction and non-fiction, written in French by non-Jews is certainly unequaled in the Francophone world and most likely in the West, contends writer Victor Teboul. But do these works encourage or dissuade critical assessment of Quebec and of Quebec–Jewish relations, asks Tolerance.ca’s editor, whose most recent book also questions Quebecois identity. (Full Story)
Every year for several weeks before November 11, a field of scarlet poppies appears on coat lapels across Canada. This wearing of the poppy has a complex history ... (Full Story)
New York - Southern (Inner) Mongolian poet Mr. Zhao Baahuu, who goes by the pennames Soliyoot Shulegchin (“Crazy Poet” in Mongolian) and Cao Yuan Nu Huo ( “Fury of Grassland” in Chinese), was detained and placed under house arrest after publishing poems online criticizing China’s ethnic policies toward Southern Mongolians, Tibetans and Uyghurs over the past 70 years.  (Full Story)
There are nominated candidates of all races and religions in our Party. the PPC. With names like Salim Mansour, Rocky Dong, Jigna Jani, Tahir Gora, Jude Guerrier, Jing Lan Yang, Salomon Rayek, and many, many others. (Full Story)
By Miriam Rabkin , Contributor to Tolerance.ca®
Valentine’s Day rituals often begin in the classroom, where the holiday serves both as an enjoyable arts and crafts activity and as a pedagogical tool, teaching children about structuring love and friendship into a concrete, prescribed form. The ritualization of love continues throughout our lives, not only on Valentine’s Day, but through weddings, anniversaries, and Mother’s and Father’s Day. (Full Story)
Indiana University Press
Despite his dedicated work on behalf of Jewish refugees in Europe during the 1930s and 1940s, James G. McDonald (1886-1964) is little known today. Come discover this highly unusual and outspoken maverick through Shuli Eshel’s inspiring documentary, “A Voice among the Silent,” followed by comments and discussion led by Neil Caplan. (Full Story)
By Salim Mansur , Ph.D. University of Toronto
The Canadian government's recent announcement that it will be providing more than CDN $600 million (USD $455 million) over the next five years to bail out the country's financially strapped media outlets -- as part of the fall fiscal update about the federal budget ahead of the 2019 federal election -- is not as innocent as it may seem. (Full Story)
By Victor Teboul , Ph.D., Editor, Tolerance.ca®
To many observers, the Jewish community in Quebec is highly integrated into Quebec society, yet to others it appears insular. How can this apparent contradiction be explained? How do religious groups, including Jews, deal with the trend towards secularization in Quebec? We raised these questions and others with Dr. Morton Weinfeld. Professor of Sociology at McGill University in Montréal, Dr Weinfeld holds the Chair in Canadian Ethnic Studies. He is the author of Like Everyone Else, but Different: The Paradoxical Success of Canadian Jews (McClelland & Stewart, 2001), a study of the Jewish community in Canada. Dr. Weinfeld is also a recognized authority on Quebec’s Jewish community. (Full Story)
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Tolerance
Could China Save The World Economy and Health?
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
China is the second largest economy in the World. The country is a socialist republic with a single party system headed by General Secretary Xi Xinping of the Chinese Communist Party (C.C.P.). China became a great power on the... (Full Story)
Canada`s Response to the Global Pandemic
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The Canadian nation has fought many battles like the Great War, the Spanish Flu, World War 2, and the Korean War. Canadians are fighters; they inherited this quality from the United Kingdom and France. The novel coronavirus outbreak is... (Full Story)
Nations Are United Against COVID 19
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Humankind faces the greatest challenge since World War 2 which is the new pandemic. COVID 19 has spread throughout the World from China to Europe. Nations from around the World are working together to get rid of this coronavirus... (Full Story)
Canada and the Brexit Challenge
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The United Kingdom has officially left the European Union in January 2021. As a result, the United Kingdom seeks new trading partners and Her Majesty`s Government considers the Commonwealth is the best solution to cope with Brexit. British Prime... (Full Story)
Could Jean Charest Become The Next Prime Minister of Canada?
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Canada has one of the most flourishing economies in the World. The nation is the 10th largest economy with $1.7 trillion in GDP. Canada is a member of the G7; therefore, Canada has some influence on the World stage... (Full Story)
British Liberalism and the Liberal Democrats
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Liberalism has greatly influenced the nation because modern Britain is based on liberal values. The Liberal Party dates back to 1859 in Britain and this party promoted balanced budgets, low taxes, and free market. In the early 20th century... (Full Story)
British General Election: Could The Labour Party Settle Brexit?
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Political parties rule the nation by forming governments; these organizations have a great deal of power in the Westminster parliamentary system. Until 1832, governments used to be formed by coalitions and people rather than by political parties. However, the... (Full Story)
Brexit: Prime Minister Johnson`s Strategy
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British nation has been dealing with the Brexit issue since 2016. British people are fed up of hearing the ¨Brexit¨ word on a daily basis. Brexit divides families and friends; everyone has an opinion on the issue. Besides... (Full Story)
The New British Prime Minister: Boris Johnson
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British Prime Minister is one of the most influential political leaders in the World. Even though, the prime minister is said to be ¨first among equals¨ in the cabinet, he has several powers such as deciding most of... (Full Story)
Brexit Is Felt Throughout The British Territories
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Brexit will not only have social and economic consequences on the United Kingdom, but this will also be felt throughout the British territories. The British Crown once ruled over a quarter of the Earth; nowadays, Her British Majesty, Queen... (Full Story)
Theresa May`s Brexit: An Uneasy Deal
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
In 2016, British people voted at nearly 52% to leave the European Union and Prime Minister Theresa May is committed to deliver Brexit. Therefore, Britain is expected to leave the Union in 2019. The end of European Union law... (Full Story)
The Mysterious Jewish Orphan of Salonica
By David Barzilay

The intriguing tale of the location and fate of a Jewish baby placed in the Municipal Foundling Home of Thessaloniki during WWII.

It is March 4th 2016 an email pops onto my screen from some... (Full Story)
Novel on the Second Exodus from Egypt, by Victor Teboul, now available on Kindle !
Jewish Writer Reviews His Diary And a Wonderful Book Is Born. Review on my novel La Lente découverte de l'étrangeté

By Nancy Snipper

The Chronicle, West End Edition, Montréal

When Victor Teboul was a young boy... (Full Story)
Declaration of Principles on Tolerance
Proclaimed and signed by the Member States of UNESCO on 16 November 1995. (Full Story)
Medias
Could China Save The World Economy and Health?
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
China is the second largest economy in the World. The country is a socialist republic with a single party system headed by General Secretary Xi Xinping of the Chinese Communist Party (C.C.P.). China became a great power on the... (Full Story)
Canada`s Response to the Global Pandemic
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The Canadian nation has fought many battles like the Great War, the Spanish Flu, World War 2, and the Korean War. Canadians are fighters; they inherited this quality from the United Kingdom and France. The novel coronavirus outbreak is... (Full Story)
Nations Are United Against COVID 19
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Humankind faces the greatest challenge since World War 2 which is the new pandemic. COVID 19 has spread throughout the World from China to Europe. Nations from around the World are working together to get rid of this coronavirus... (Full Story)
Canada and the Brexit Challenge
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The United Kingdom has officially left the European Union in January 2021. As a result, the United Kingdom seeks new trading partners and Her Majesty`s Government considers the Commonwealth is the best solution to cope with Brexit. British Prime... (Full Story)
Could Jean Charest Become The Next Prime Minister of Canada?
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Canada has one of the most flourishing economies in the World. The nation is the 10th largest economy with $1.7 trillion in GDP. Canada is a member of the G7; therefore, Canada has some influence on the World stage... (Full Story)
British Liberalism and the Liberal Democrats
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Liberalism has greatly influenced the nation because modern Britain is based on liberal values. The Liberal Party dates back to 1859 in Britain and this party promoted balanced budgets, low taxes, and free market. In the early 20th century... (Full Story)
British General Election: Could The Labour Party Settle Brexit?
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Political parties rule the nation by forming governments; these organizations have a great deal of power in the Westminster parliamentary system. Until 1832, governments used to be formed by coalitions and people rather than by political parties. However, the... (Full Story)
Brexit: Prime Minister Johnson`s Strategy
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British nation has been dealing with the Brexit issue since 2016. British people are fed up of hearing the ¨Brexit¨ word on a daily basis. Brexit divides families and friends; everyone has an opinion on the issue. Besides... (Full Story)
The New British Prime Minister: Boris Johnson
By Yannick B. Vallee , B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British Prime Minister is one of the most influential political leaders in the World. Even though, the prime minister is said to be ¨first among equals¨ in the cabinet, he has several powers such as deciding most of... (Full Story)
Contributors
Yannick B. Vallee

Could China Save The World Economy and Health?

China is the second largest economy in the World. The country is a socialist republic with a single party system headed... (Full Story)
More
English School Boards will not reopen schools on May 11
Our nine English school boards maintain that their priority is and always has been the health and safety of our students, staff and their families. While no English school board will reopen any of its schools and centres earlier... (Full Story)
On the Eve of Ramadan: Arab Society in Israel and the Coronavirus
By Ephraim Lavie, Khader Sawaed, Maisalon Dallashi, Mora Deitch and Meir Elran

There has been a significant rise in COVID-19 infection rates in Arab communities in Israel.The month of Ramadan, which is commonly celebrated with large public gatherings... (Full Story)
How will the corona pandemic affect the Middle East?
By Itai Brun

What will the world look like one year from now, and how will the corona pandemic affect the Middle East? This article presents four possible scenarios: “continuation,” in which following a temporary interruption of a... (Full Story)
The Corona Crisis and the International System: A Comparative Analysis
By Shahar Eilam and Michal Hatuel-Radoshitzky

A comparative analysis enables us to examine different approaches to the challenges posed by the corona pandemic around the world. Most countries have adopted a similar coping strategy, based on three components: the... (Full Story)
Arnold Survivor
By Pierre Lasry , author and filmmaker
Last night, December 24th at midnight, we sang Christmas Lieders in German. That was in Long Island, New York, in a tree-lined brownstone neighborhood inhabited by Halb Jüden; half Jews or half Germans, I don’t recall exactly how they... (Full Story)
The Trump plan for an Israeli-Palestinian arrangement
By Amos Yadlin

The timing of President Donald Trump’s invitation to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and to Chairman of the Blue and White alliance and Knesset opposition leader Benny Gantz to meet with him in Washington as part... (Full Story)
Accommodating Bedfellows: Montreal’s Jewish Community and Quebec’s Intellectual Elite
By Victor Teboul , Ph.D.
Editor, Tolerance.ca®
Montreal Jews rely on non-Jewish academics, writers and filmmakers to present and even explain, in French, Jewish realities to the Quebecois public and within Francophone academia. The considerable number of publications on Jewish themes, both in fiction and non-fiction... (Full Story)
The USA and CHINA sign an Interim Agreement that will end their Trade War
By Doron Ella and Shira Efron

On January 15, 2020, the United States and China signed an interim agreement as a first phase toward a comprehensive deal that will end the trade war between the two countries. However, the... (Full Story)
Remembrance Day : The Symbolics of Poppies
Every year for several weeks before November 11, a field of scarlet poppies appears on coat lapels across Canada. This wearing of the poppy has a complex history ... (Full Story)
Iran’s religious and military penetration of Syria
By Ephraim Kam

Against the backdrop of its military involvement in Syria, Iran has taken a series of steps since 2014 to reinforce its standing in Syria and Lebanon and enhance its military preparedness there, as well as... (Full Story)
Interviews by Victor Teboul
Quebec’s Jews: Reconciling Religious Freedoms with Secular Concerns
By Victor Teboul , Ph.D.
Editor, Tolerance.ca®
To many observers, the Jewish community in Quebec is highly integrated into Quebec society, yet to others it appears insular. How can this apparent contradiction be explained? How do religious groups, including Jews, deal with the trend towards secularization... (Full Story)
Aboriginal Causes: A Lucrative Business for White Advisers
By Victor Teboul , Ph.D.
Editor, Tolerance.ca®
Non-native lawyers and consultants defend aboriginal causes for their own financial gain, argue Frances Widdowson and Albert Howard in their controversial book, Disrobing the Aboriginal Industry: The Deception Behind Indigenous Cultural Preservation. The billions of tax dollars spent on... (Full Story)