Tolerance.ca
Director / Editor: Victor Teboul, Ph.D.
Looking inside ourselves and out at the world
Independent and neutral with regard to all political and religious orientations, Tolerance.ca® aims to promote awareness of the major democratic principles on which tolerance is based.
Click to expand Image People watch a news program showing an image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, left, and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, right, at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea on Friday, Sept. 25, 2020.  © 2020 AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon (New York) – The South Korean National Assembly should reject a proposed law that would criminalize sending leaflets, information, money, and other items to North Korea, Human Rights Watch said today. If enacted, the law would violate South Koreans’ rights to freedom of expression and would make engaging in humanitarianism… (Full Story)
Click to expand Image Supporters hold flags near the Capitol in Washington, DC, during a rally in favor of marijuana legalization on April 24, 2017. © AP Photo/Alex Brandon (Washington, DC) – The passage of the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act (MORE Act) in the House of Representatives on December 4, 2020, is a landmark step toward a rights-respecting criminal legal system in the United States, while furthering racial justice, Human Rights Watch said today. The Senate should move swiftly to follow suit, and President-elect Joe Biden should commit to signing the bill… (Full Story)
Click to expand Image French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin delivers a speech on the state of terrorism threat at the French General Directorate for Internal Security (DGSI) in Paris, Monday Aug. 31, 2020.  ©2020 Stephen de Sakutin, Pool via AP (Paris) – The French government’s decision to shut down a leading anti-discrimination group threatens basic human rights and liberties including freedom of expression, association, and religion, and the principle of nondiscrimination, Human Rights Watch said today. On December 2, 2020, Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin tweeted that the Council… (Full Story)
Netanyahu - Pompeo meeting Nov. 2020 US State Department
By Shlomo Brom and Shimon Stein

Beyond the political issues surrounding the assassination of the “father of the Iranian bomb,” there are also questions regarding the action’s necessity and value. Will it slow down Iran’s nuclear program to a significant degree? Was it worth the angry reactions throughout the world and the revenge that is expected from the Islamic Republic? Consider these questions from a “less popular” perspective (Full Story)
In the face of mounting pressure from the public and members of Congress, President Donald Trump and his head of the General Services Administration late Monday cleared the way for President-elect Joe Biden to formally begin the transition process following weeks of delay that analysts warned could hinder the incoming government's ability to quickly respond to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic and economic collapse.

  (Full Story)
Every year for several weeks before November 11, a field of scarlet poppies appears on coat lapels across Canada. This wearing of the poppy has a complex history ... (Full Story)
Photo by Gunther Gamper.
During the last fifteen years, Tolerance.ca organized several panel discussions.  To mark International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Tolerance.ca® organized two panel discussions on religious diversity featuring several distinguished panellists. The first meeting was held at Vanier College. The second, on which a report follows, was held at the Maison des écrivains under the theme “Education, Religion and Diversity: Enrichment or Source of Conflict?” (Full Story)
McGill University Archives.
As part of a series of articles on major personalities who have furthered the cause of tolerance in Canada, Tolerance.ca® presents the world-renowned Montreal philosopher Charles Taylor, 2007 winner of the prestigious Templeton Prize. Mr Taylor co-chairs the Québec Commission on reasonable accommodations created by the Charest government in February 2007. (Full Story)
By Daphne Inbar,  Neubauer Research Associate, INSS

Alongside the escalating Covid-19 crisis, another crisis with a widespread effect poses a major challenge in the post-truth era: the diminished public and political trust in experts. On September 8, 2020, the question of the status and role of experts was discussed in an online conference held in the framework of Israel's INSS Lipkin-Shahak Program on National Security and Democracy in an Era of Post-Truth and Fake News.  (Full Story)
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science, Member of Tolerance.ca®
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is facing the decisive test of his premiership with the management of the pandemic. Justin Trudeau defines this challenge as the ¨fight of a generation¨. The Prime Minister pleas to Canadians to actively participate in this war against COVID 19. For instance, he wants Canadians wear masks to protect themselves and others. This is a major tool because the virus spreads mainly through aerosols. Besides, the Trudeau government has secured vaccine candidates to have a national vaccination to end the pandemic in Canada and throughout the World. The Trudeau government has a strong plan to have sustainable economy to go through these tough times. No one will be left behind, thanks to changes in the unemployment insurance program improved to respond to the needs of people affected by the current events. (Full Story)
By Udi Dekel and Noa Shusterman

The Abraham Accords will ostensibly serve to inspire peace and normalization agreements between Israel and additional Arab states. Indeed? Which issues are included in the agreement, and why? Why did the UAE and Bahrain decide to establish official relations at this time? What are the implications for the Palestinian arena? And what new challenges are likely to emerge? Insights from a discussion of experts held following the festive signing ceremony at the White House (Full Story)
Image : http://www.rqcalacs.qc.ca/mission.php
Le Regroupement québécois des Centres d’aide et de lutte contre les agressions à caractère sexuel (RQCALACS) and its members will celebrate the Day of Action on Sexual Violence against Women (DASVW) on Friday September 18th for its 39th edition, launching a public campaign under the theme “Brave any way... our way!”. (Full Story)
On the morning of September 4, 2020, Ms. Surnaa, a Mongolian employee of the Alshaa Left Banner Chinese Communist Party Committee in western Southern Mongolia, jumped from her residential building to her death in protest of the Chinese authorities’ new language policy called the “second generation bilingual education”. (Full Story)
By Marc Angenot, James McGill Research Chair on Social Discourse
Is Diversity about empowering people who have been victims of exclusion or an expression of resentment? Resentment, argues McGill University professor Marc Angenot in his  most recent Senior College Lecture, inspires defeatist behavior by pretending  to march towards the future, to avenge the real or mythical wrongs undergone in the past. (Full Story)
By Itai Brun

What will the world look like one year from now, and how will the corona pandemic affect the Middle East? This article presents four possible scenarios: “continuation,” in which following a temporary interruption of a few months, there is a resumption of familiar global and regional trends from the pre-corona era; “revolution,” in which there is a fundamental change in the patterns that characterized life before the crisis and the world prepares for a new illiberal world order led by China; “breakdown,” in which all global actors emerge wounded from the crisis and the fragile structure of the international system collapses into chaos, expressed inter alia by new waves of upheaval in the Middle East; and “reconstruction,” in which the United States regains its initiative and resumes an international effort to repair the liberal world order and solve burning conflicts.

  (Full Story)
By Pierre Lasry, author and filmmaker
Last night, December 24th at midnight, we sang Christmas Lieders in German. That was in Long Island, New York, in a tree-lined brownstone neighborhood inhabited by Halb Jüden; half Jews or half Germans, I don’t recall exactly how they defined themselves. But being all survivors of Hitler’s personal madness, the Nazis themselves called them half-breeds, Mischlings, with a full measure of contempt. (Full Story)
By Victor Teboul, Ph.D., Editor, Tolerance.ca®

Victor Teboul at UQAM's Symposium, May 2018.

Photo by Gunther Gamper.


Montreal Jews rely on non-Jewish academics, writers and filmmakers to present and even explain, in French, Jewish realities to the Quebecois public and within Francophone academia. The considerable number of publications on Jewish themes, both in fiction and non-fiction, written in French by non-Jews is certainly unequaled in the Francophone world and most likely in the West, contends writer Victor Teboul. But do these works encourage or dissuade critical assessment of Quebec and of Quebec–Jewish relations, asks Tolerance.ca’s editor, whose most recent book also questions Quebecois identity. (Full Story)
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Tolerance
Can Pluralism Go Hand in Hand with Collective Destiny?
During the last fifteen years, Tolerance.ca organized several panel discussions.  To mark International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Tolerance.ca® organized two panel discussions on religious diversity featuring several distinguished panellists. The first meeting was held at... (Full Story)
Charles Taylor: A Marriage of Cultures
As part of a series of articles on major personalities who have furthered the cause of tolerance in Canada, Tolerance.ca® presents the world-renowned Montreal philosopher Charles Taylor, 2007 winner of the prestigious Templeton Prize. Mr Taylor co-chairs the Québec Commission on... (Full Story)
The Abraham Accords : What are the implications for the Palestinians?
By Udi Dekel and Noa Shusterman

The Abraham Accords will ostensibly serve to inspire peace and normalization agreements between Israel and additional Arab states. Indeed? Which issues are included in the agreement, and why? Why did the UAE and... (Full Story)
Woman Commits Suicide to Protest against Eradication of the Mongolian language by Chinese Authorities
On the morning of September 4, 2020, Ms. Surnaa, a Mongolian employee of the Alshaa Left Banner Chinese Communist Party Committee in western Southern Mongolia, jumped from her residential building to her death in protest of the Chinese authorities’... (Full Story)
Is Diversity an Ideology of Resentment?
By Marc Angenot, James McGill Research Chair on Social Discourse
Is Diversity about empowering people who have been victims of exclusion or an expression of resentment? Resentment, argues McGill University professor Marc Angenot in his  most recent Senior College Lecture, inspires defeatist behavior by pretending  to march towards the... (Full Story)
Could China Save The World Economy and Health?
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
China is the second largest economy in the World. The country is a socialist republic with a single party system headed by General Secretary Xi Xinping of the Chinese Communist Party (C.C.P.). China became a great power on the... (Full Story)
Canada`s Response to the Global Pandemic
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The Canadian nation has fought many battles like the Great War, the Spanish Flu, World War 2, and the Korean War. Canadians are fighters; they inherited this quality from the United Kingdom and France. The novel coronavirus outbreak is... (Full Story)
Nations Are United Against COVID 19
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Humankind faces the greatest challenge since World War 2 which is the new pandemic. COVID 19 has spread throughout the World from China to Europe. Nations from around the World are working together to get rid of this coronavirus... (Full Story)
Canada and the Brexit Challenge
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The United Kingdom has officially left the European Union in January 2021. As a result, the United Kingdom seeks new trading partners and Her Majesty`s Government considers the Commonwealth is the best solution to cope with Brexit. British Prime... (Full Story)
Could Jean Charest Become The Next Prime Minister of Canada?
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Canada has one of the most flourishing economies in the World. The nation is the 10th largest economy with $1.7 trillion in GDP. Canada is a member of the G7; therefore, Canada has some influence on the World stage... (Full Story)
British Liberalism and the Liberal Democrats
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Liberalism has greatly influenced the nation because modern Britain is based on liberal values. The Liberal Party dates back to 1859 in Britain and this party promoted balanced budgets, low taxes, and free market. In the early 20th century... (Full Story)
British General Election: Could The Labour Party Settle Brexit?
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Political parties rule the nation by forming governments; these organizations have a great deal of power in the Westminster parliamentary system. Until 1832, governments used to be formed by coalitions and people rather than by political parties. However, the... (Full Story)
Brexit: Prime Minister Johnson`s Strategy
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British nation has been dealing with the Brexit issue since 2016. British people are fed up of hearing the ¨Brexit¨ word on a daily basis. Brexit divides families and friends; everyone has an opinion on the issue. Besides... (Full Story)
The New British Prime Minister: Boris Johnson
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British Prime Minister is one of the most influential political leaders in the World. Even though, the prime minister is said to be ¨first among equals¨ in the cabinet, he has several powers such as deciding most of... (Full Story)
Brexit Is Felt Throughout The British Territories
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Brexit will not only have social and economic consequences on the United Kingdom, but this will also be felt throughout the British territories. The British Crown once ruled over a quarter of the Earth; nowadays, Her British Majesty, Queen... (Full Story)
Theresa May`s Brexit: An Uneasy Deal
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
In 2016, British people voted at nearly 52% to leave the European Union and Prime Minister Theresa May is committed to deliver Brexit. Therefore, Britain is expected to leave the Union in 2019. The end of European Union law... (Full Story)
The Mysterious Jewish Orphan of Salonica
By David Barzilay

The intriguing tale of the location and fate of a Jewish baby placed in the Municipal Foundling Home of Thessaloniki during WWII.

It is March 4th 2016 an email pops onto my screen from some... (Full Story)
Declaration of Principles on Tolerance
Proclaimed and signed by the Member States of UNESCO on 16 November 1995. (Full Story)
Medias
GSA Clears the Way for the Transition Process
In the face of mounting pressure from the public and members of Congress, President Donald Trump and his head of the General Services Administration late Monday cleared the way for President-elect Joe Biden to formally begin the transition process... (Full Story)
Could China Save The World Economy and Health?
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
China is the second largest economy in the World. The country is a socialist republic with a single party system headed by General Secretary Xi Xinping of the Chinese Communist Party (C.C.P.). China became a great power on the... (Full Story)
Canada`s Response to the Global Pandemic
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The Canadian nation has fought many battles like the Great War, the Spanish Flu, World War 2, and the Korean War. Canadians are fighters; they inherited this quality from the United Kingdom and France. The novel coronavirus outbreak is... (Full Story)
Nations Are United Against COVID 19
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Humankind faces the greatest challenge since World War 2 which is the new pandemic. COVID 19 has spread throughout the World from China to Europe. Nations from around the World are working together to get rid of this coronavirus... (Full Story)
Canada and the Brexit Challenge
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The United Kingdom has officially left the European Union in January 2021. As a result, the United Kingdom seeks new trading partners and Her Majesty`s Government considers the Commonwealth is the best solution to cope with Brexit. British Prime... (Full Story)
Could Jean Charest Become The Next Prime Minister of Canada?
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Canada has one of the most flourishing economies in the World. The nation is the 10th largest economy with $1.7 trillion in GDP. Canada is a member of the G7; therefore, Canada has some influence on the World stage... (Full Story)
British Liberalism and the Liberal Democrats
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Liberalism has greatly influenced the nation because modern Britain is based on liberal values. The Liberal Party dates back to 1859 in Britain and this party promoted balanced budgets, low taxes, and free market. In the early 20th century... (Full Story)
British General Election: Could The Labour Party Settle Brexit?
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Political parties rule the nation by forming governments; these organizations have a great deal of power in the Westminster parliamentary system. Until 1832, governments used to be formed by coalitions and people rather than by political parties. However, the... (Full Story)
Brexit: Prime Minister Johnson`s Strategy
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British nation has been dealing with the Brexit issue since 2016. British people are fed up of hearing the ¨Brexit¨ word on a daily basis. Brexit divides families and friends; everyone has an opinion on the issue. Besides... (Full Story)
The New British Prime Minister: Boris Johnson
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
The British Prime Minister is one of the most influential political leaders in the World. Even though, the prime minister is said to be ¨first among equals¨ in the cabinet, he has several powers such as deciding most of... (Full Story)
More
Will Fakhrizadeh’ s assassination slow down significantly Iran’s Nuclear Program ?
By Shlomo Brom and Shimon Stein

Beyond the political issues surrounding the assassination of the “father of the Iranian bomb,” there are also questions regarding the action’s necessity and value. Will it slow down Iran’s nuclear program to... (Full Story)
China - USA Relations. How will China react to Biden's Presidency ?
By Eyal Propper

In the four years of the Trump presidency, China-US relations reached a boiling point. Beijing understands that with a new administration in Washington, while the competition will not disappear, the superpower rivalry will present differently... (Full Story)
GSA Clears the Way for the Transition Process
In the face of mounting pressure from the public and members of Congress, President Donald Trump and his head of the General Services Administration late Monday cleared the way for President-elect Joe Biden to formally begin the transition process... (Full Story)
Remembrance Day : The Symbolics of Poppies
Every year for several weeks before November 11, a field of scarlet poppies appears on coat lapels across Canada. This wearing of the poppy has a complex history ... (Full Story)
The Covid Crisis and the Public’s Lack of Trust in Experts
By Daphne Inbar,  Neubauer Research Associate, INSS

Alongside the escalating Covid-19 crisis, another crisis with a widespread effect poses a major challenge in the post-truth era: the diminished public and political trust in experts. On September 8, 2020, the... (Full Story)
The 2020 Pandemic: Canada`s Greatest Challenge
By Yannick B. Vallee, B.A. Political Science
Member of Tolerance.ca®
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is facing the decisive test of his premiership with the management of the pandemic. Justin Trudeau defines this challenge as the ¨fight of a generation¨. The Prime Minister pleas to Canadians to actively participate in... (Full Story)
The Abraham Accords : What are the implications for the Palestinians?
By Udi Dekel and Noa Shusterman

The Abraham Accords will ostensibly serve to inspire peace and normalization agreements between Israel and additional Arab states. Indeed? Which issues are included in the agreement, and why? Why did the UAE and... (Full Story)
Woman Commits Suicide to Protest against Eradication of the Mongolian language by Chinese Authorities
On the morning of September 4, 2020, Ms. Surnaa, a Mongolian employee of the Alshaa Left Banner Chinese Communist Party Committee in western Southern Mongolia, jumped from her residential building to her death in protest of the Chinese authorities’... (Full Story)
Is Diversity an Ideology of Resentment?
By Marc Angenot, James McGill Research Chair on Social Discourse
Is Diversity about empowering people who have been victims of exclusion or an expression of resentment? Resentment, argues McGill University professor Marc Angenot in his  most recent Senior College Lecture, inspires defeatist behavior by pretending  to march towards the... (Full Story)
English School Boards will not reopen schools on May 11
Our nine English school boards maintain that their priority is and always has been the health and safety of our students, staff and their families. While no English school board will reopen any of its schools and centres earlier... (Full Story)
Interviews by Victor Teboul
Quebec’s Jews: Reconciling Religious Freedoms with Secular Concerns
By Victor Teboul, Ph.D.
Editor, Tolerance.ca®
To many observers, the Jewish community in Quebec is highly integrated into Quebec society, yet to others it appears insular. How can this apparent contradiction be explained? How do religious groups, including Jews, deal with the trend towards secularization... (Full Story)
Aboriginal Causes: A Lucrative Business for White Advisers
By Victor Teboul, Ph.D.
Editor, Tolerance.ca®
Non-native lawyers and consultants defend aboriginal causes for their own financial gain, argue Frances Widdowson and Albert Howard in their controversial book, Disrobing the Aboriginal Industry: The Deception Behind Indigenous Cultural Preservation. The billions of tax dollars spent on... (Full Story)