Canadian Prime Minister Pierre E. Trudeau introduced in the early 1970s the concept that Canada must be a just and progressive society. Trudeau’s vision of Canada was a country of individual freedom and of social justice. Trudeau advocated that the nation turns into a fairer society. Thus, the prime minister thought that a fairer share of national wealth would give more freedom to everyone because Canadians could benefit from more opportunities if their basic needs were met. As a result, the Pierre E. Trudeau Government and the Edward Schreyer Manitoba Government jointly created an experimental program which provided guaranteed annual income to more than 2,000 families in Manitoba. The purpose of this project was to assess the social impacts of a guaranteed and unconditional annual income. Besides, social researchers wanted to know whether or not recipients would work less if they were given unconditional government cheques. Nowadays, the Ontario Government of Kathleen Wynne has started a similar social experiment in three different communities. As a result, the Province of Ontario has randomly selected 4,000 people to participate in the basic income plan. This type of social welfare system might revolutionize the way government delivers social programs in Canada. Some experts think that basic income programs might eliminate poverty and these initiatives might cost less than current social programs.