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TSUNAMI FIVE YEARS AGO KILLED 230,000 PEOPLE

 An earthquake in the Indian Ocean caused the Boxing Day tsunami in December 2004. It is considered one of the deadliest natural disasters in history. 



The quake, measuring a massive 9.3 on the Richter scale, lasted over eight minutes and released stored energy equivalent to more than 23,000 Hiroshima bombs.

It happened just off Simeulue Island, Indonesia, 30km below sea level, created a mega tsunami – giant wave – and triggered a few smaller earthquakes, one as far away as Alaska.

As the wave swept across the Indian Ocean, about 230,000 people were killed in 11 countries across two continents, with the last fatalities swept out to sea in South Africa, more than 12 hours after the quake.

Within 10 minutes, waves 25m-high started to strike the Nicobar and Andaman Islands.

About two hours on, both Thailand and Sri Lanka had been hit. The east cost of India was swamped shortly afterwards.

Three hours after the earthquake, the tsunami rolled over the Maldives and, more than seven hours after, hit the Somali coast.
© Ecoterra -


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