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Militants 'de-radicalised'

PLEASE NOTE: EDIT CONTAINS CONVERTED 4:3 MATERIAL Mahmudi Haryono is the manager of a local steak house and bakery in Indonesia's Central Java province. It's a long way from his past life. In 2001, on the day the September 11th attacks happened he was undergoing training in the Philippines as a member of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. SOUNDBITE: Mahmudi Haryono, restaurant manager, saying (Bahasa Indonesia): "I was in the Philippines when the 9/11 attacks happened," (HARYONO SAYS). "After the attacks we learned that there was a term 'global terrorists'. As far as I was concerned there was no such thing as a fight against the Americans. We only knew of the fights locally and at at that time I was with the MILF, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, and we fought against the Catholics in Manila." Haryono, who was jailed for his links to another extremist Islamist group in Indonesia, Jemaah Islamiah, had been a pupil at this school. It was once described in an International Crisis Group as a part of an Ivy League of militant training schools. That's no longer the case, according to another of its former pupils. Noor Huda Ismail, founder of the de-radicalising Peace Building Foundation who got Haryono into work on his release, says the government's handling of outcast Muslims has changed for the better. SOUNDBITE: Noor Huda Ismail, founder of Peace Building Foundation, saying (English): "The problem with their school is the teaching of intolerance. When I was in there the teaching of intolerance came from the way the Indonesian government back then tackled Muslim problems, Islamic problems. So you cannot really isolate (the) social factor of that school with the teaching of the school, the founder of the school (who) is also the founder of Jemaah Islamiah. Many of these people (were) involved in numbers of violent atrocity in Indonesia." Austrian volunteer Christian Warta teachers former convicts, including Haryono. SOUNDBITE: Christian Warta volunteer teacher, saying (English): "Its basically through cooking and through food that I could connect to these boys here. There (wouldn't) be a connection at all. So now this gives me a chance to listen to some of their stories, to their interpretations, to understand what is their motivation, why they choose some radical paths etc etc and also they can learn by interacting with me that maybe not all Westerners are like this typical image always presents them." Just over a year after the September 11th attacks a series of bomb blasts on the Indonesian resort island of Bali claimed 202 lives. In the following three years more than 40 more have died in other attacks in Indonesia which have included restaurants and the Australian Embassy. Police said last year they'd killed 55 suspected militants and arrested nearly 600. Paul Chapman, Reuters

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