Canada's gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D) are anticipated to amount to $29.9 billion in 2011, a 2.0% increase from preliminary R&D expenditures for 2010.
The 2011 intentions suggest recovery is underway after two years of declining R&D expenditures. However, total R&D spending intentions are still below the $30.5 billion spent in 2008.
Much of the recovery in 2011 should occur in the business enterprise sector, Canada's largest R&D performing sector. For the past decade, the two leading performing sectors, business enterprise and higher education, have represented about 90% of total spending on R&D.
In 2011, business enterprises project they will spend $15.6 billion on R&D, up 5.0% from the previous year. Spending in this sector would account for 52% of total spending on R&D in 2011, down from 62% a decade earlier.
The higher education sector projects spending of $11.3 billion, up 1%. This sector's spending continues to experience steady, though modest, annual increases.
The federal government, the third-largest performing sector, projects spending $2.5 billion on R&D in 2011, down 10.3% from 2010.
The remaining R&D performing sectors—provincial governments, provincial research organizations and private non-profit organizations—are anticipated to spend $481 million on R&D in 2011.
In terms of R&D funding, the rankings are similar. In 2011, the business enterprise sector projects funding at $14.2 billion, the federal government sector at $5.8 billion and the higher education sector at $5.2 billion.
Funding also includes the foreign sector, which is anticipated to provide $2.1 billion in funds on R&D in 2011.
© Statistics Canada
- Friday, January 13, 2012